CiteSeerX — Citation Query The linguistic market and the statistical explanation of variability (2022)

The whole woman: sex and gender differences in variation. Language Variation and Change 1:245–267

by Penelope Eckert , 1989

"... Speaker's sex has emerged as one of the most important social factors in the quantitative study of phonological variation. However, sex does not have a uni-form effect on variables or even on variables that represent sound change in progress. This is because sex is not directly related to lingu ..."

Abstract - Cited by 53 (2 self) - Add to MetaCart

Speaker's sex has emerged as one of the most important social factors in the quantitative study of phonological variation. However, sex does not have a uni-form effect on variables or even on variables that represent sound change in progress. This is because sex is not directly related to linguistic behavior but reflects complex social practice. The correlations of sex with linguistic variables are only a reflection of the effects on linguistic behavior of gender —the com-plex social construction of sex—and it is in this construction that one must seek explanations for such correlations. Sociolinguists generally treat sex in terms of oppositional categories (male/female), and the effects of sex on variation are generally sought in linguistic differences between male and female speakers. However, because gender differences involve differences in orientation to other social categories, the effects of gender on linguistic behavior can show up in differences within sex groupings. Data on sound changes in progress (the North-ern Cities Chain Shift) among Detroit area adolescents show that gender has

(Show Context)

Models, forests and trees of York English: was/were variation as a case study for statistical practice. Language Variation and Change

by Sali A. Tagliamonte, R. Harald Baayen, Sid Smith Hallroom , 2012

"... What is the explanation for vigorous variation between was and were in plural existential constructions and what is the optimal tool for analyzing it? The standard variationist tool — the variable rule program — is a generalized linear model; however, recent developments in statistics have introduce ..."

Abstract - Cited by 12 (4 self) - Add to MetaCart

What is the explanation for vigorous variation between was and were in plural existential constructions and what is the optimal tool for analyzing it? The standard variationist tool — the variable rule program — is a generalized linear model; however, recent developments in statistics have introduced new tools, including mixed-effects models, random forests and conditional infer-ence trees. In a step-by-step demonstration, we show how this well known variable benefits from these complementary techniques. Mixed-effects models provide a principled way of assessing the importance of random-effect factors such as the individuals in the sample. Random forests provide information about the importance of predictors, whether factorial or continuous, and do so also for unbalanced designs with high multicollinearity, cases for which the family of linear models is less appropriate. Conditional inference trees straightforwardly visualize how multiple predictors operate in tandem. Taken together the results confirm that polarity, distance from verb to plural element and the nature of the DP are significant predictors. Ongoing linguistic change and so-cial reallocation via morphologization are operational. Furthermore, the results make predictions that can be tested in future research. We conclude that variationist research can be substantially enriched by an expanded tool kit. Was/were as a case study for statistical practice 1 1

(Video) The Statistics Identity Crisis

(Show Context)

LANGUAGE CHANGE ACROSS THE LIFESPAN: /r / IN MONTREAL FRENCH

by Gillian Sankoff

"... We address the articulation between language change in the historical sense and language change as experienced by individual speakers through a trend and panel study of the change from apical to dorsal /r / in Montreal French. The community as a whole rapidly advanced its use of dorsal [R]. Most ind ..."

Abstract - Cited by 3 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart

We address the articulation between language change in the historical sense and language change as experienced by individual speakers through a trend and panel study of the change from apical to dorsal /r / in Montreal French. The community as a whole rapidly advanced its use of dorsal [R]. Most individual speakers followed across time were stable after the critical period, with phonological patterns set by the end of adolescence. A sizeable minority, however, made substantial changes. The window of opportunity for linguistic modification in later life may be expanded with rapid change in progress when linguistic variables take on social significance.* 1. INTRODUCTION. Reintegrating

When is a change not a change?: a case study on the dialect origins of New Zealand English

by David Britain

"... In studying language change, variationists are, naturally perhaps, more interested in the new, innovative form than the old conservative one, and, because of the actuation problem, investigations of changes in progress very rarely are able to shed light on the change in its very earliest stages. In ..."

Abstract - Cited by 2 (1 self) - Add to MetaCart

In studying language change, variationists are, naturally perhaps, more interested in the new, innovative form than the old conservative one, and, because of the actuation problem, investigations of changes in progress very rarely are able to shed light on the change in its very earliest stages. In this article, I suggest that we should perhaps pay more attention than we have at present to the origins of the change (in addition to its route and destination) and the nature of the conservative form if we are to chart ongoing changes in an accurate way. Here, I highlight an example of a feature of New Zealand English (NZE) (realizations of the MOUTH diphthong with front mid-open onsets) that has, until recently, been assumed to have resulted from a change of the Southern Shift-kind – a raising and fronting to [èú ã èê]-but which, as I demonstrate using contemporary and past dialectological, as well as sociodemographic evidence, did not undergo this change in this way. Indeed, the supposedly conservative [aú] form has barely been used at all as a conversational vernacular variant in NZE. I argue here that the present-day NZE realization is far more likely to be the outcome of a process of dialect leveling operating on the mixture of forms brought to New Zealand by British and Irish migrants in the 19 th century. The moral of the story is that if we think

(Video) Peter Uhrig

Modeling contact-induced language change

by Naomi Nagy, Naomi Nagy - University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 4.1 , 1997

"... Modeling contact-induced language change ..."

Abstract - Cited by 1 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart

Modeling contact-induced language change

Sociolinguistics and sociology: current directions, future partnerships

by Christine Mallinson , 2009

"... In this article, I discuss the past, present, and future of interdisciplinary scholar-ship between sociolinguists and sociologists. After detailing some of the broader history of collaboration between sociolinguists and sociologists, I examine two sub-areas of scholarship: the variationist tradition ..."

Abstract - Cited by 1 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart

In this article, I discuss the past, present, and future of interdisciplinary scholar-ship between sociolinguists and sociologists. After detailing some of the broader history of collaboration between sociolinguists and sociologists, I examine two sub-areas of scholarship: the variationist tradition from sociolinguistics and the social stratification tradition from sociology. I contend that, given their complementary research questions and analytic traditions, these areas provide new potential for interdisciplinary research initiatives. I give suggestions for research partnerships between sociolinguists and sociologists, and close with a discussion of some practical ways in which sociolinguists and sociologists can build interdisciplinarity both pedagogically as well as professionally. Relationships between Sociolinguistics and Sociology Modern sociolinguistics originated in the 1960s as an interdisciplinary subfield intersecting sociology, anthropology, and linguistics. In 1963, anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss wrote that the methodological similarity

(Show Context)

(Video) Context search engine focusing on answering trend-related queries

Gillian Sankoff. Age: Apparent time and real time.

by unknown authors

"... During the 1960s, linguists working both in the structuralist tradition and in the evolving generative paradigm tended to treat the individual speaker of a language as the natural locus of linguistic inquiry. The field had inherited the traditional Saussurean dichotomies separating language from spe ..."

Abstract - Add to MetaCart

During the 1960s, linguists working both in the structuralist tradition and in the evolving generative paradigm tended to treat the individual speaker of a language as the natural locus of linguistic inquiry. The field had inherited the traditional Saussurean dichotomies separating language from speech, and synchronic from diachronic linguistics. The grammar of the individual, conceptualized as an abstract, internalized, mental construct, was construed as having a systematic character. Speech communities, if considered at all, were characterized as epiphenomena – nothing more than the sum of individual idiolects. The first research to show how synchronic evidence can be used to reconstruct the history of language change also pointed the way to understanding the systematic chararcter of the speech community. In 1961, Labov carried out sociolinguistic interviews with 69 residents of Martha’s Vineyard for his study of the (ay) and (aw) diphthongs (1963[1972]). He calculated an index value for the height of the vowel nucleus for each speaker for each diphthong, discovering that the nuclei of both diphthongs were progressively higher with each younger age cohort (although those

(Show Context)

A Quantitative Analysis of Diphthongization in Montreal French

by Laurel Mackenzie, Gillian Sankoff, Laurel Mackenzie, Gillian Sankoff

"... A Quantitative Analysis of Diphthongization in Montreal French In Montreal French, a process of diphthongization affects long vowels: those that are inherently long due to historical compensatory lengthening (Yaeger-Dror and Kemp, 1992), and those that are allophonically lengthened before voiced fri ..."

Abstract - Add to MetaCart

A Quantitative Analysis of Diphthongization in Montreal French In Montreal French, a process of diphthongization affects long vowels: those that are inherently long due to historical compensatory lengthening (Yaeger-Dror and Kemp, 1992), and those that are allophonically lengthened before voiced fricatives and /R / (Dumas, 1981; Santerre and Millo, 1978). Our quantitative analysis of diphthongization in real time examines both the trajectory of this change through the community as well as individual speakers ’ participation in it across their lifespans. Our study also provides acoustic measurements of the Montreal French vowel system. We tracked individuals ’ vowel trajectories across a 24-year span for a panel of six speakers of diverse social classes. Matched trend samples from the 1971 and 1984 Montreal corpora, with four speakers sampled per year, provide a picture of the community as a whole. We find that four vowels show significant lowering and/or backing in the community, and that all long vowels show decreased diphthongization. Some panel speakers ’ longitudinal movements mirror these changes, while other speakers are stable across their lifespans and still others show apparently anomalous movements. We discuss these results and their interpretation.

(Video) Day 6: Statistical Data Analysis for Post-Graduate Students Using R Programming Language

(Show Context)

French Futures in Real Time

by Gillian Sankoff, Suzanne Evans Wagner, Laura Jensen, Gillian Sankoff, Suzanne Evans Wagner, Laura Jensen

"... To understand the relationship between change in the grammars of individuals and language change as an historical phenomenon, trend studies and panel studies each provide crucial data that can be combined for a fuller picture. Looking at any particular linguistic change in historical time ..."

Abstract - Add to MetaCart

To understand the relationship between change in the grammars of individuals and language change as an historical phenomenon, trend studies and panel studies each provide crucial data that can be combined for a fuller picture. Looking at any particular linguistic change in historical time

(Show Context)

Caribbean Creoles and the Speech Community

by Peter L. Patrick , 1998

"... ..."

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Determining the linguistic attributes of language attrition

The present article provides an overview of language attrition phenomena at various linguistic levels.. However, attrition cannot ...". "... on earlier versions of this paper.. My purpose in this paper is to examine the psychological nature of forget-ting (parts of) a language by individuals involved in language change across th ...". Bilingualism; Language and Cognition. (Show Context) ...ion of Arabic dialects, shows the greatest preference for the analytic genitive.. The immigrant community in the Netherlands shows an increased preference for the analytic form in comparison with their peers in Morocco.. Analytic versus synthetic possessive There is a general tendency for language acquisition under sub-optimal circumstances to lead to new varieties of the language that are more analytic as compared with the input variety (Andersen, 1982; Dorian, 1983, p. 162).. "... Much of the research on languages undergoing attrition in bilingual contexts documents the transfer of phonological properties from the dominant language to the receding language, but neglects to analyze areas of the phonology that are inexplicably unaffected by contact.. Nav, Monika S. Schmid, Barbara Köpke, Kees De Bot. (Show Context) ...ion and use of a language or languages and can best be studied, described, documented,sexplained, and understood within a framework that includes all other phenomena of language acquisition and use’ (=-=Andersen, 1982-=-, p. 86).. Language use among older Dutch migrants in New Zealand ..."

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Language in the crib

This document reports an investigation of the developmental changes in the use of certain syntactic structures bv white, monolingual, middle class five- and seven-year-olds, and of the differences between the syntax of young children and that used in beginning reading textbooks.. The author feels that there is no reason to suppose that adults are less capable than children in teaming a second language, given adequate opportunity and motivation.. (Show Context) ...te this represents about seven hours a day of language practice--speaking, hearing speech, sometimes being explicitly guided and corrected, performing private "pattern practice" in bed at night (cf., =-=Weir, 1962-=-) and so on--for 1,461 days, that is, a total of about 10,000 hours.. "... Childrees abilities in, written composition have recently become a major concern, stimulated by the National Liseisment of Educational Progress, by the earmarking of composing ability as a new class marker, and by increased competition,in an overcrowded labor market.. In three groups a home visitor worked with the children and their mothers using a curriculum which focused on either play, ...". With a few exceptions (Braine, 1963; =-=Weir, 1962-=-), recent records of children's early sentences have been kept by outside observers, using taped and written records of children's speech (Bloom, 1970; Brown and Fraser, 1964; Miller & Ervin, 1964; an.... "... al Thisepaper describes the development of children's ability to pose and answer questions and discusses the teacher's role in enhancing these probleM-solving skills.. Milestones in language and commu-nication play major roles at almost every point in development in understanding autism.. (Show Context) ...requent examples of delayed echolalia, which they suggested the child used as a base for analyzing linguistic forms that she was in the process of acquiring, as found among some nonautistic children (=-=Weir, 1962-=-).. Although echolalia is one of the most classic symptoms of autism (Kanner, 1946), not all children with autism echo, nor is echoing seen only in autism.

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: The linguistic interpretation of aphasic syndromes

Agrammatism in Hebrew is investigated through an experiment with a patient who displays a highly selective impairment: agreement inflection is completely intact, but tense inflection, use ...". The study reported here examined several syntactic domains that rely on different nodes in the tree---tense and agreemen ...". by. Brian Butterworth. - Cognition, 1992. Disorders of phonological encoding.. by. Naama Friedmann. - Brain and Language, 2002. (Show Context) ...c deficit in production.. A more recent lexicalist approach for the grammatical d.... "... Broca’s agrammatic aphasia entails a syntactic deficit both in sentence comprehension and in sentence production.. This chapter describes the intriguing pattern of deficits in speech production, and shows that this type of inquiry interacts with linguistic theory as well as with knowledge about brain ...". "... Introduction Brocas aphasics with agrammatism suffer from a severe deficit in their ability to handle verbs.. This was probably due to the fact that in English, patients produce bare verbs.. by. Daniel Kempler, Susan Curtiss, Catherine Jackson. - Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1987. Analysis of spontaneous speech revealed a normal range and frequency of syntactic constructions but poor lexical use.

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: A Language Theory of Discrimination.” Quarterly

by. Harry Holzer, David Neumark. , 1999. Economics provides an extensive, well-known literature on which to draw regarding the existence and extent of labor market discriminat ...". by. Laura Giuliano, David I. Levine, Jonathan Leonard, Jel Classification J. - Journal of Labor Economics, 2009. "... Abstract: Using personnel data from a large U.S. retail firm, we examine whether the race of the hiring manager affects the racial composition of new hires.. We find significant effects of manager race and e ...". by. Glenn C. Loury. This article discusses the concept of social exclusion with an eye to assessing its utility in the study of ethnic and racial group inequality in the modern nation state.. The birth, death, growth, and shrinkage of languages over millennia has given us a world containing about three thousand living languages, whose speakers number from 1 up to several hundred million.. Our current knowledge of what causes a language to gain more speakers than it loses or lose more spea ...". by. Harminder Battu, Yves Zenou. , 2008. The aim of this paper is to investigate this issue by empirically analyzing the potential trade-off for ethnic minorities b ...". We explicitly measure the importance of network effects for groups broken out by race, e ...". (Show Context) ... exist if networks reduce employer uncertainty about productivity when it is difficult for workers to provide signals of productivity because of language, cultural, and educational differences (e.g., =-=Lang, 1986-=-).. by. Jonathan S. Leonard, David I. Levine, Jonathan Leonard, David Levine Are Both, Aparna Joshi, Daniel Levine, Trond Petersen. - Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2006

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: The effect of discrimination training on speech perception: Noncategorical perception

"... A motor theory of speech perception, initially proposed to account for results of early experiments with synthetic speech, is now extensively revised to accommodate recent findings, and to relate the assumptions of the theory to those that might be made about other perceptual modes.. According to this theory, speech perception relies on there being at .... Recent work by M ...". Previous research has demonstrated that listeners make use of both auditory and visual information in bimodal speech perception.. (Show Context) ...ies in both infants (Aslin, Pisoni, Hennessy, & Perey, 1981; Eimas & Miller, 1980; Miller & Eimas, 1983) and adults (Carney, Widin.. & Viemeister, 1977; Massaro & Cohen, 1983a; Pisoni & Lazarus, 1974; =-=Samuel, 1977-=-).. Given that there is considerable evidence for the independent evaluation of continuous sources of information, the fuzzy logical model offers a productive framework for the study of perceptual deve.... by. Lori L. Holt, Andrew J. Lotto. This is an example of categorization in that potentially discriminable speech sounds are assign ...". by. Bob Mcmurray, Michael J. Spivey, Richard N. Aslin, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Dana Subik. - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 2008. (Show Context) ...be attenuated, and that previously indistinguishable stimuli can be separated into novel categories (Carney et al., 1977; McClelland, Fiez, & McCandliss, 2002; Pisoni, Aslin, Perey, & Hennessy, 1982; =-=Samuel, 1977-=-).. (Show Context) ... in Boynton, 1975, 1988), in the perception of speech sounds, particularly stop consonants (Carney, Widin, & Viemeister, 1977; Liberman et al., 1957, 1961; Pisoni, 1977; Repp, Healy, & Crowder, 1979; =-=Samuel, 1977-=-; Studdert-Kennedy et al., 1970; see Harnad, 1987, and Repp, 1984, for reviews), and in the perception of nonspeech sounds, such as plucks and bows (Cutting, 1982; Cutting & Rosner, 1974; Miller, Wier.... "... An overwhelming majority of speech perception research has focused entirely on the end product of the perceptual process.. "... We describe a model called the TRACE model of speech perception.

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Language and Characterisation: An Analysis of Six Characters in Romeo and Juliet”. Eds. Ulla MelanderMarttala, Carin Östman and Merja Kytö. Conversation in Life and in Literature: Papers from the ASLA Symposium, Association Suedoise de Linguistique Appliq

by. Sean Murphy. (Show Context) ...een female and male language (Sobhan Raj Hota & Moshe Koppel, 2006), key semantic domains and metaphor in love tragedies and love comedies (Archer et al., 2005), characterisation in Romeo and Juliet (=-=Culpeper, 2001-=-), and imagery in Macbeth (Zyngier, 1999).. In presenting the arguments above, I do not, of course, intend to suggest that quantitative techniques in corpus-based approaches to the analysis of literary.... by. Di Stefania Maria Maci. Globalization is a concept referring to an economic process that enhances capitalism, i.e. the establishment of free markets all over the world.. At first, the concept of globalisation was regarded quite positively because of the idea underpinning ...". "... Word frequency and key word statistics in historical corpus linguistics ...". (Show Context) ...mains in the plays, and assess the implications this has on our understanding of ‘love’ as a concept.. This research builds on (i) Jonathan Culpeper’s work on keywords in Shakespeare, using Wordsmith (=-=Culpeper 2002-=-), (ii) Paul Rayson’s comparisons of key word and key domain analysis (Rayson 2003), and (iii) Dawn Archer and Paul Rayson’s work on the identification of key domains in refugee literature, using USAS.... "... A new kind of dictionary for Shakespeare’s plays: ..."

Videos

1. List of publications in physics | Wikipedia audio article
(wikipedia tts)
2. List of important publications in physics | Wikipedia audio article
(Subhajit Sahu)
3. Using Multiple Regression in Excel for Predictive Analysis
(Management Information Systems)
4. Learn SPSS in 15 minutes
(Data for Development)
5. Calculate Difference from Previous Row Excel & Power Query
(Doug H)
6. An Introduction to Research Tools
(DBT STAR DAV)

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Annamae Dooley

Last Updated: 07/03/2022

Views: 6257

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (65 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Annamae Dooley

Birthday: 2001-07-26

Address: 9687 Tambra Meadow, Bradleyhaven, TN 53219

Phone: +9316045904039

Job: Future Coordinator

Hobby: Archery, Couponing, Poi, Kite flying, Knitting, Rappelling, Baseball

Introduction: My name is Annamae Dooley, I am a witty, quaint, lovely, clever, rich, sparkling, powerful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.