Metro Cities Of India (2023)

Metro Cities Of India (1)

India is the world's largest democracy. The country has a total area of 3,287,263 square km. India is a rapidly developing country with urban expansion occurring at lightning speed. India has some of the world's most populous metropolitan areas. The largest metro cities in the country have been mentioned below.

10. Kanpur Metropolitan Area

The Kanpur metropolitan area is located in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a population of 3,549,914. The majority of the people here are from the central and western part of the state. The biggest minority groups include Punjabs and Anglo-Indians. The most commonly practiced religion is Hinduism and a small percentage of people practice Islam. This city is the administrative headquarters of the district and as such has employment available in the public sector. Despite this, many people live in poverty with roughly 8% of the population living without basic goods and services such as radios, tv’s, bicycles, and legal electricity hookups.

9. Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region

Visakhapatnam is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in the southeastern part of India, along the Bay of Bengal. They city is located on the coast which has helped form its economy. Industries such as fishing, tourism, shipping, and mineral exports are common sources of employment here. Its location makes it an important trading center and it is the 5th busiest port in India. The population is 2,035,922 which is spread out from the coastal region to further inland. The official language is Telugu and the most common religion is Hinduism. The population is made up of Tamils, Malayalis, Sindhis, Kannadigas, Bengalis, and Odia.

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8. Surat Metropolitan Region

Located in the state of Gujarat, Surat has a population of 4,591,246. The city is one of 20 selected to become a smart city, a plan to incorporate information and communication technology into public establishments such as schools, libraries, and hospitals. The population is relatively young, with 13% of people under the age of 6. Approximately 87% of the people here practice Hinduism and 7% practice Islam. The most commonly spoken languages include Gujarati, Sindhi, Hindi, Marwari, and Marathi. Its major industry is diamond polishing and the city handles around 90% of global rough diamond cutting and polishing. Other important industries include textiles, information technology, petroleum, oil and gas, and shipping.

7. Chennai Metropolitan Area

Chennai, the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu, has a population of 8,917,749, and is located along the coast of the Bay of Bengal. The city hosts a large number of foreign tourists every year as well as the 3rd largest population of foreign residents in India. The majority of the population is made up of Tamils making Tamil one of the most common languages. In professional employment settings, English is often used. Common religions include Hinduism (80.7%), Islam (9.45%), and Christianity (7.72%). The most common employment is in the automobile, technology, and healthcare sectors. In fact, Chennai is a major health tourism destination.

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6. Hyderabad Metropolitan Region

Located in southern India in the state of Telangana, Hyderabad stands upon the banks of the Musi River. Its population of 9.7 million is made up of many different ethnic groups, religions, and languages. The biggest ethnic groups are Telugu and Urdu speakers. Again, Hinduism is the most widely practiced religion, although here, the Muslim population is much bigger than in the previously mentioned cities. Approximately 30.13% of the the people in Hyderabad practice Islam. A large percentage of the population, 13%, live in poverty and inhabit the 1,476 slums in and around the city. The vast majority of employment is in the service industry which includes jobs in hospitality, tourism, retail, and hospitals (to name a few).

5. Pune Metropolitan Area

Pune, located in the state of Maharashtra, has a population of 10.1 million. This city is located on the Mutha River. Its largest industries include manufacturing, automobile, research, and education. Due to the success of these industries, Pune is among the fastest-growing cities in the Asia-Pacific region. Many people move here from rural areas in the state in search of employment. The official language is Marathi with English and Hindi also widely used. Hinduism and Islam are the most widely practiced religions.

4. Bangalore Metropolitan Region

Bangalore is located in the south-central portion of the country within the state of Karnataka. It has a population of 10,576,167. Kannada, followed by English, Hindi, Urdu, and Tamil, are the main languages spoken in Bangalore. The economy is centered around the information technology (IT) sector, which generates roughly one-third of India’s IT exports. This reliance on the IT industry has had some negative consequences on the city including an increase in real estate costs that have pushed out small businesses.

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3. Kolkata Metropolitan Area

Located in the state of West Bengal, Kolkata is another heavily populated city in India. The population here has reached 14.72 million, making this city the third most populous in the country. Kolkata has a long, rich history and played a significant role in the movement for independence. Today, it is considered the cultural center of eastern India. The largest majority of the population is made up of Bengali Hindus. Bengali is the official language, English and Hindi are also widely spoken. Kolkata is a major financial, commercial, and military center for Eastern India. A large percentage of the population (40%) works in the informal sector.

2. Mumbai Metropolitan Region

Mumbai is the capital of the state of Maharashtra. The Mumbai metropolitan region has a population of 20.8 million which is made up of a diversity of ethnic groups. More than 16 languages are spoken in this city. The major religions practiced here are Hinduism (65.99%), Islam (20.65%), Buddhism (4.85%), Jainism (4.1%), and Christianity (3.27%). Approximately 62% of the population lives in informal slums as a result of widespread unemployment, poor public health and education initiatives, and high costs of real estate. One of these slums, Dharavi, is among the most densely populated areas in the world with approximately 334,728 people per square mile. In the formal sector, Mumbai provides 10% of India’s factory employment and 33% of its income tax collection.

1. National Capital Region (NCR)

The capital of India is New Delhi. It is located within the older city of Delhi in the National Capital Region. This is a vast urban area that encompasses areas within the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Haryana. Its population is estimated at 46,049,032. Delhi, an area inside of this region, is considered the 3rd most populated urban area in the world. The entire region has faced difficulties dealing with such an immense and constantly growing population. It is difficult to provide basic services over such a large area. NCR is one of the world's most polluted places. Roughly 46% of the population lives without proper water and sewage connections. The waste eventually flows into the Yamuna River. This area follows national patterns with Hinduism being the most widely practiced religion followed by Islam. The economy relies on the service industry to provide the majority of jobs here.

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Metro Cities In India

RankMetropolitan areaState/TerritoryPopulationArea(in km2)
1National Capital Region (NCR)Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana46,049,03234,144
2Mumbai Metropolitan RegionMaharashtra20,800,0004,354.5
3Kolkata Metropolitan AreaWest Bengal14,720,0001,851.41
4Bangalore Metropolitan RegionKarnataka10,576,1678,005
5Pune Metropolitan AreaMaharashtra10,100,0006,616.79
6Hyderabad Metropolitan RegionTelangana9,700,0007,257
7Chennai Metropolitan AreaTamil Nadu8,917,7491,189
8Surat Metropolitan RegionGujarat4,591,246326.515
9Visakhapatnam Metropolitan RegionAndhra Pradesh2,035,9225573
10Kanpur Metropolitan AreaUttar Pradesh3,549,9141,640


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How many metro cities are in India? ›

India has four metropolitan cities, namely Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.

What are the 4 metro cities? ›

Mumbai (more than 18 Million) Delhi (more than 16 Million) Kolkata (more than 14 Million) Chennai (more than 8.6 million)

What are the 8 metropolitan cities in India? ›

To address the issues of women safety including in public spaces and public transport, Government of India has selected eight metropolitan cities namely, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Lucknow in the meeting of 'Steering Committee' held on 30th November, 2017 under the chairmanship ...

Which is mega city in India? ›

Currently, India has five major megacities. New Delhi, the largest has a population of 26.7 million, making it the second largest city in the world after Tokyo, followed by Mumbai, host city to Global Citizen's India Festival on November 19, and then Kolkata, Bengaluru, and Chennai.

Which city metro is best in India? ›

Bangalore. Bangalore is not just one of the best metro cities in India but also the most advanced and developed city in the country. It is the leading exporters of Information Technology (IT) of India which got it the moniker of Silicon Valley of India.

How many metro cities are there in 2022 in India? ›

At present there are around 23 metropolitan areas viz. Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore, Gorakhpur, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, National Capital Region, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Salem, Surat, Thiruvananthapuram and Visakhapatnam.

Is Bangalore is metro city? ›

Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Bangalore either the fourth or fifth most productive metro area of India.

Why Hyderabad is not a metro city? ›

called as a Metropolitan City. But Hyderabad doesn't have Good Drainage System. Practical example when its raining all water flows on Roads and because of that traffic jam is occur. This is the main reason why Hyderabad not a metropolitan city.

Which state has most metro cities in India? ›

Urban Agglomerations Census 2011
#Urban Agglomeration (UA)State
3KolkataWest Bengal
4ChennaiTamil Nadu
65 more rows

Is Pune a metro city? ›

Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR) is the metropolitan region around the city of Pune. According to practical purposes, PMR comprises two Municipal Corporations of PMC, PCMC and three Cantonment Boards, spread over an area of 7,256.46 km2. The population of the region as per 2011 census was 7,541,946.

Is Kerala a metro city? ›

The Kochi metropolitan area or Kochi urban agglomeration is a metropolitan area centered around the city of Kochi, in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India.
Kochi Metropolitan Area
• Total440 km2 (170 sq mi)
11 more rows

Which is the poorest city of India? ›

Shravasti 'tops' the list, with 74.38 per cent of the population deemed to be “multidimensionally poor”, followed by neighbouring Bahraich (71.88 per cent) in second position, and Balrampur (69.45 per cent) in fourth.

Which state has most metro? ›

The Delhi Metro has the largest network in the entire country.

Which is the cleanest city in India? ›

Indore's position as the 'Cleanest City” in India remains unchallenged for the fifth consecutive year as the city bags this most coveted title at the Swachh Survekshan Awards 2021.

Which is cheapest city in India? ›

Which state in India has the lowest cost of living? Kolkata will cost you considerably less when it comes to living in this metropolitan city. When compared to other metro cities of India, it has the lowest cost of living.

Which is safest city in India? ›

  • Bangalore. Bangalore is much more than the Silicon Valley of India. ...
  • Chennai. This coastal city of Tamil Nadu is a favorite tourist destination. ...
  • Tirupati. Tirupati is an important pilgrimage center. ...
  • Hyderabad. Hyderabad is another city in Andhra Pradesh that ranks high on the safety index. ...
  • Mumbai. ...
  • Surat. ...
  • Pune. ...
  • Dehradun.
Jun 7, 2022

Which is the top 10 cleanest city in India? ›

Top 10 Cleanest Cities in India
  • Indore, Madhyapradesh. Indore is a lovely city and what makes it even lovelier is how clean it is! ...
  • Surat, Gujarat. ...
  • Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. ...
  • Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. ...
  • Pune. ...
  • Raipur, Chhattisgarh. ...
  • Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. ...
  • Vadodara, Gujarat.
Jan 19, 2022

Which is developed city in India? ›

Mumbai is the economical Capital of India and nothing unexpected that it is the most developed city in India. Downright GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Mumbai is 12,12,200 Crore Rs or 209 Billion USD. It is positioned number 29 in world among developed urban communities.

Which city in India has highest population? ›

India cities population
2Mumbai (Bombay)20,411,274
3Kolkata (Calcutta)14,850,066
64 more rows

Which metro city is cheapest in India? ›

40 for 10 km between Alandur and Koyambedu, Chennai Metro Rail is now the costliest in the country. Kolkata Metro is the cheapest with a maximum fare of Rs. 25.
Chennai (10 km)
Bengaluru (6.7 km)Rs 10 - Rs. 17
5 more rows
Jun 30, 2015

Which is the cleanest metro in India? ›

Delhi NCR. Delhi NCR has a great system of Metro. It is the longest, first and the best system of metro rails in India.

Why a city is called metropolitan? ›

(4) The term “metropolitan city” means (A) a city within a metropolitan area which is the central city of such area, as defined and used by the Office of Management and Budget, or (B) any other city, within a metropolitan area, which has a population of fifty thousand or more.

Which states in India have metro? ›

Currently, 10 Indian cities have functional metro rail networks. These cities are Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Kochi and Lucknow. The first metro service in India started in Kolkata in 1984.

Is Kolkata is metro city? ›

It is the third most populous metropolitan area in India after Delhi and Mumbai. The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

Is Varanasi a metro city? ›

The Varanasi Metro is a light rail transit system proposed for the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The proposed system consists of 2 corridors that span from BHEL (Tarna, Shivpur) to Banaras Hindu University (19.35 km) and Benia Bagh to Sarnath (9.885 km).
S.No.StationsStation level
8 more rows

How many metro cities are there in India 2022? ›

At present there are around 23 metropolitan areas viz. Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore, Gorakhpur, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, National Capital Region, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Salem, Surat, Thiruvananthapuram and Visakhapatnam.

How many total cities are in India? ›

India has 48 cities with more than a million people, 405 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 2500 cities with between 10,000 and 100,000 people.

Why Hyderabad is not a metro city? ›

called as a Metropolitan City. But Hyderabad doesn't have Good Drainage System. Practical example when its raining all water flows on Roads and because of that traffic jam is occur. This is the main reason why Hyderabad not a metropolitan city.

Is Bangalore is metro city? ›

Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Bangalore either the fourth or fifth most productive metro area of India.


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