The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (2022)

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (1)

In the article:

  • Sejong the Great create hangul in 1443, intending it to be as simple as possible so that every Korean could learn how to read and write, even if they couldn’t afford formal education.
  • Centuries later, the Korean script is still considered to be one of the most efficient alphabets in the world.
  • Letters are grouped into syllabic blocks that become easy to recognize instantly while the letters representing consonants are actually designed to represent the lip and tongue position used to pronounce them.
  • By World War II, hangul had become an important symbol of Korean identity and a way to maintain unity in the face of Japanese occupation. Today, the script is one of the few things that transcend the geopolitical divide between North and South Korea.

Most written languages use an alphabet. English uses the Roman alphabet, named after the Romans of Roman Empire fame. Because English is one of the descendants of Latin, it shares its alphabet with other Romance languages like French, Spanish, and Italian. Move a little further east and you get to Russia which uses the Cyrillic alphabet.

It’s when you get to Asian countries that it gets a little more complicated. While Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia all use the Roman alphabet, neighboring East Asian countries don’t.

In fact, it’s almost like they love making things complicated. The great grandaddy of complicated scripts — Chinese — has over 100,000 characters in total with the exact figure still up for debate.

Apparently, one script with thousands of characters wasn’t enough because Japan decided to add two alphabets on top of it called hiragana and katakana.

But Korea had different ideas. In 1443, one Korean king took up the task of creating a writing system that actually made sense. He called it hangul and it made it possible for even the poorest peasants to learn how to read and write.

Just how easy is it to learn the hangul system? Some learners say you can learn to read it in a day and while I never memorized the letters, I managed to learn how it works within three hours.

How Hangul Democratized Literacy in Ancient Korea

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (2)

China has always been a major player on the eastern side of the globe and its influence was felt strongest by its East Asian neighbors. China spread Confucianism to Korea and Japan and shaped the way the people of both countries dress.

Don’t believe it? Look at the Chinese hanfu, the Japanese kimono, and the Korean hanbok side by side. The similarities don’t end there. China’s superior military, political power, and cultural influence also meant Japan and Korea adopted the Chinese writing system.

China’s writing system is complicated, though. It isn’t so much an alphabet as it is a list of characters where one character is one word that can be read in multiple ways.

(Video) Learn Hangul 한글 (Korean Alphabet) in 30 minutes

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This made Chinese characters difficult and tedious to learn. Only the wealthy upper class had the time and resources to learn the script. This left poor commoners, who were too busy trying to survive, completely illiterate.

To King Sejong, who ruled Korea during the Choson dynasty, mass illiteracy was a major problem. While other kings before him were fine with their people being illiterate, Sejong was a man of letters.

An academic at heart, he had established an organization dedicated to funding research for scientific advancement. You’d be right to think he was a busy guy with a country to run, but he took time out of his day to write a book about farming methods to help the average farmer make a living.

It’s called hangul now, but Sejong himself named it hunminjeongeum meaning “proper sounds to instruct the people.” His intent was clear: hunminjeongum was designed to make literacy accessible.

He called it the Nongsa jikseol. But there was a problem: his target audience couldn’t read the book because farmers couldn’t read traditional Chinese characters. His plan to create an ancient Korean farmer’s Wikipedia wasn’t looking too good. How was he going to make millions of illiterate peasants learn thousands of characters so they could actually benefit from his book?

The answer? Create an alphabet so simple it could be taught in a day.

King Sejong brought his smartest scholars together and collaborated with them to create what is still recognized today as one of the most efficient alphabets in the world. It’s called hangul now, but Sejong himself named it hunminjeongeum meaning “proper sounds to instruct the people.” His intent was clear: hunminjeongum was designed to make literacy accessible.

The book about hunminjeongeum is divided into two parts. The first one is Sejong’s own personal work and contains a preface explaining why he made the new alphabet in the first place and detailing how the system works.

(Video) World's Easiest Writing System: Origin of Hangul (corrections in the description)

It was a new alphabet focused on getting the job done rather than the tradition, art, and prestige of the more established Chinese writing system.

Hunminjeongum contained 28 letters, 17 of which were initial sounds (consonants in English) while the other 11 were medial sounds (what we call vowels). The new letters could be mixed and matched to create syllables that were organized into neat blocks. Speaking of neat, this new writing system also used far fewer “strokes,” or brush movements, to form words.

If you look at the photo below, you’ll find that it’s easy to tell hunminjeongum apart from traditional Chinese. It’s cleaner, bigger, and just simpler to write.

Fast forward to the late 1800s and Ju-Sigyeong, a prominent Korean linguist, began the effort to standardize the Korean language in terms of spelling and grammar. This included polishing hunminjeongum and giving it its modern name hangul in 1912.

Han (한) referred to Korean and the Korean people while geul (글) stood for script. It was a uniquely Korean alphabet that later helped Koreans maintain a sense of national pride and identity during and after the Japanese occupation in World War II.

What Makes Hangul So Efficient?

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (3)

There’s a video on YouTube made by Sam Gellman entitled “Learn to Read Korean in 5 Minutes (seriously)” and it’s not just clickbait. Gellman manages to go over how to read Korean in only five minutes.

Why is hangul so easy to learn? It all comes down to how it’s the alphabet equivalent of playing with Lego blocks.

Modern hangul is written from left to right, much like English, and has 14 consonants and 10 vowels. After that, you take a slight detour south since hangul stacks its letters vertically into blocks. For example, “hello” in Korean is annyeong haseyo and is written as “안녕하세요.”

The way the consonants look is an instruction on how to position your lips and tongue to say them correctly.

You have five syllabic blocks with about two or three letters each. This makes it possible to write Korean in a syllabic way, making pronunciation clear to the reader. The blocking system also makes reading faster as familiarity with common syllabic combinations makes blocks instantly recognizable. But that’s not all hangul does.

Hangul has another trick up its sleeve in the way it writes its consonants. The consonants of the Korena language aren’t just fun little shapes the way the English alphabet’s consonants are. The way the consonants look is an instruction on how to position your lips and tongue to say them correctly.

(Video) Learn Hangul in 90 Minutes - Start to Finish [Complete Series]

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (4)

Paul Jorgensen is a Canadian linguist best known for his YouTube channel “Langfocus” where he talks about, well, linguistics and the history of languages. If you want to hear how hangul letters are pronounced, you can check out his video which goes over the Korean language in general.

The Growing Popularity of Korean in North America

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (5)

If there’s one thing the hit Netflix TV series Squid Game has proven, it’s that South Korean entertainment is for everyone everywhere. Despite the potential challenges of a language barrier, South Korea’s music, movies, and shows have spread far from its oriental hometown.

K-pop (Korean pop) groups, for example, have started to break into mainstream Western music through collaborations with artists like Halsey, Dua Lipa, and Lady Gaga. Though American radio stations aren’t keen on K-pop, that may have more to do with the fact that younger audiences prefer music streaming services like Spotify. Why does this matter?

Because K-pop and South Korean pop culture, in general, are both becoming incredibly popular among Gen Z and Millennials. It’s not just Korean and Asian Americans listening either. The majority of K-pop fans in the U.S. are actually white.

This strong fanbase for Korean entertainment in the U.S. and other parts of North America is behind the recent boom in Korean language lessons.

Before K-pop and K-drama’s popularity, Korean had only roughly 163 students. By the late 2010s, that number had ballooned to about 14,000 along with a 14% rise in Korean language class enrollments in American universities while overall language enrollment was dropping.

Professor Andre Schmid, who teaches Korean history at the University of Toronto, says K-pop has even drummed up interest in his niche field. “Among my students,” the professor explains, “I have a young woman who grew up in an isolated farmhouse in Grey County Ontario, but she chose the University of Toronto because she wanted to learn all about Korea.”

Okay, so non-Koreans are learning Korean, hangul, and Korean history. How about the Korean diaspora then?

It’s no secret that the Asian diaspora in general struggles with maintaining fluency in their heritage language. If you don’t know what a heritage language is, Ann Kelleher at the University of California, Davis defines it as, “languages other than the dominant language (or languages) in a given social context.”

A little confusing considering there are several dialects of American English, but heritage languages differ in that they’re considered “foreign” even if the diaspora that language belongs to has been present in the U.S. for most of its modern existence.

(Video) The Easiest Alphabet #72

Heritage languages are divided into three main categories. You have immigrant heritage languages, which is what Korean is for Korean Americans, as well as Indigenous (Native American) and Colonial heritage languages.

While it’s true that some of these heritage languages are actually in the majority in some areas, they remain culturally minor.

You don’t hear many heritage languages in American mainstream music or in Hollywood films, making these languages even more culturally irrelevant even though the communities they belong to make up sizeable chunks of the U.S. population.

Hangul had truly become more than a writing system and was now a symbol for the very idea of Korea itself.

First-generation Korean-Americans have a better chance of learning hangul and Korean from their older family members. When you get to second-generation Koreans though, fluency starts to take a hit.

A study by Lee Jin Sook on the role of cultural identity and heritage language among second-generation Korean Americans aged 17 to 26 found that an overwhelming majority of them aren’t exceptionally fluent in Korean despite knowing that Korean and hangul are important to their cultural identity.

The main reason was a lack of societal recognition of the importance of hangul and Korean. It’s a sad state of affairs considering that hangul and the Korean language are one of the only things tying all Korean people together — especially across the North Korean and South Korean border.

Language and Identity: How Hangul Overcomes Politics

The Simple Genius of Hangul: The World’s Most Efficient Alphabet (6)

When Japan occupied Korea during World War II, one of the first things the imperial army tried to destroy was the Korean national identity. One of the main ways they sought to destroy the Korean identity was through banning the use of Korean in schools and ordering the shutdown of newspapers that wrote in hangul.

Before the Japanese occupation, there was still an elitist attitude coming from scholars and the upper class with regards to hangul. But the occupation made hangul one of the only forms of protest available for Korean citizens. Hangul had truly become more than a writing system and was now a symbol for the very idea of Korea itself.

Korea’s subsequent split into North and South Korea in 1948, following World War II, kickstarted an ever-widening gulf between the lives of South and North Koreans. While political leaders remain in a decades-long stalemate at the demilitarized zone, Korean citizens seem to live in completely different eras from each other. One is a soft power giant with one of the best standards of living in the world. The other is, well, North Korea.

South Korean and North Korean are starting to develop differences in pronunciation and vocabulary. But no matter how different the lives of Koreans are today, they all read hangul or, as the North Koreans call it, chosongul.

(Video) How Korea crafted a better alphabet - History of Writing Systems #11 (Featural Alphabet)

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FAQs

What is the most efficient alphabet? ›

Hangul supremacy or Hangul scientific supremacy is a claim that the Hangul alphabet invented by King Sejong the Great in 1443, is the simplest, most logical, most ingenious and most scientific writing system in the world.

Is Hangul The easiest alphabet to learn? ›

Hangul, the Korean alphabet, is easy to learn.

Compared to the Japanese and Chinese writing systems, Hangul is infinitely manageable and straightforward. Hangul began as the brainchild of King Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Chosun Dynasty. At that time, the Korean language was written with Chinese characters.

Is Hangul the best alphabet? ›

The Korean alphabet of Hangeul (한글) has a legitimate claim as being the world's best writing system. Language learners and linguists widely recognize Hangeul for its intuitiveness and ease of learning.

Is Hangul efficient? ›

It was designed to be easy for everyone

This goes back to the fact that Hangul was made so that less educated people could easily read and write. The writing system therefore has ease-of-use built into its design. Today, it's one of the most logical and efficient writing systems in the world.

What is so special about Hangul? ›

Hangul is an alphabet. That is, each letter corresponds to what linguists refer to as a phoneme—essentially just an individual sound (a vowel or consonant). This differs from other writing systems, like Japanese, that are syllabaries, in which each letter represents a full syllable.

Is Korean the easiest writing system? ›

World's Easiest Writing System: Origin of Hangul (corrections in ... - YouTube

How long would it take to learn Hangul? ›

The great thing about learning Hangul is that it takes very little time. When I first came to Korea, I basically learned Hangul in 2-3 hours on the flight over. It's so easy, that if you spend just 2 or 3 hours learning it, you will already be able to read basic Konglish words like 치킨, 비어, 쥬스, etc.

Which is the most efficient language? ›

English came out on top, but not by much. Most of languages grouped pretty closely together, however, Japanese lagged behind the rest. Interestingly, the languages that conveyed the least amount of information per syllable, like Spanish, Japanese, and French, tended to be spoken at a faster rate.

What's the easiest language? ›

15 of the easiest languages to learn for English speakers - ranked
  • Frisian. Frisian is thought to be one of the languages most closely related to English, and therefore also the easiest for English-speakers to pick up. ...
  • Dutch. ...
  • Norwegian. ...
  • Spanish. ...
  • Portuguese. ...
  • Italian. ...
  • French. ...
  • Swedish.
Oct 24, 2021

What's the easiest alphabet in the world? ›

Hangul is the more phonologically faithful than many writing systems. Meaning, almost each symbol corresponds to one sound with little exception. Written left to right, the system at first glance may look like Chinese characters, but it couldn't be more different.

Is Korean language hard? ›

Although Korean might be ranked as one of the more difficult languages to learn by the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), it is by no means impossible. So don't worry about the “hours” it takes to learn Korean. You can learn Korean fast — and you may even already know more Korean than you think!

Which is the hardest alphabet in the world? ›

Discover the 8 most difficult languages to learn
  1. Hindi. Script: Devanagari. ...
  2. Hungarian. Script: Latin alphabet with added accents. ...
  3. Navajo. Script: Latin alphabet, plus added letters and accents to represent unique sounds. ...
  4. Vietnamese. Script: Latin alphabet with a twist. ...
  5. Korean. ...
  6. Arabic. ...
  7. 7. Japanese. ...
  8. Mandarin Chinese.
Feb 20, 2022

Is Hangul the most scientific language? ›

The Korean writing system, the Hangeul, is considered to be the most scientific phonetic alphabet system. The late James McCawley (1938-1999), a University of Chicago linguist, once said that “Hangeul is the most ingeniously devised writing system that exists.

Which language has best script? ›

World's most popular writing scripts at a glance - style, characters and more
RankScriptType
1.LatinAlphabet
2.ChineseLogographic
3.ArabicAbjad
4.DevanagariAbugida
1 more row
Aug 23, 2021

How old is Hangul? ›

The Hangul system was developed by Sejong, fourth king of the Chosŏn dynasty, in 1443 to improve literacy. In 1446 Hangul was made the official writing system of Korea. Despite this, Hanja (Chinese characters) persisted as the main writing system of the elite class for 500 more years.

What is the original name of Hangul? ›

The Korean alphabet was originally named Hunminjeong'eum (훈민정음) by King Sejong the Great in 1443. Hunminjeong'eum (훈민정음) is also the document that explained logic and science behind the script in 1446. The name hangeul (한글) was coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912.

What is the hardest language to write? ›

Mandarin Chinese

In fact, the hardest language to write is one of the most spoken languages in the world! Mandarin is the most spoken language in the world if you are just counting native speakers, with around 918 million speakers.

Is Korean easier than Japanese? ›

Unlike other East-Asian languages, Korean isn't a tonal language. This means, that the meaning of the word doesn't change, regardless of what your accent is like. This makes learning Korean much easier than Japanese. Japanese has 46 letters in its alphabet.

Is Korean worth learning? ›

1) Korean is often considered to have the most logical writing system in the world. 2) Learning Korean gives you potential access to over 70 million native Korean speakers worldwide. 3) You definitely want to visit Korea in this lifetime. 4) Learning Korean is a way to futureproof yourself.

How many hours should I study Korean in a day? ›

You may also want to come up with a small minimum to do each day, even if it's only 5 minutes. That way, you still get some practice in but also leave yourself open to study more when you're motivated. If you're studying as a full-time student, you should aim for about 4-7 hours of study per day.

Which languages speak the fastest? ›

List of The 7 Fastest Spoken Languages in The World.
  1. 1. Japanese: Japanese is the fastest recorded language. ...
  2. Spanish: Spanish is right behind Japanese and is nearly as fast with a rate of 7.82 syllables per second.
  3. French. ...
  4. Italian. ...
  5. English. ...
  6. German. ...
  7. Mandarin.

Which language has best script? ›

World's most popular writing scripts at a glance - style, characters and more
RankScriptType
1.LatinAlphabet
2.ChineseLogographic
3.ArabicAbjad
4.DevanagariAbugida
1 more row
Aug 23, 2021

What language has the most beautiful writing? ›

Arabic. When it comes to the most beautiful written language, Arabic has to be a strong contender. The beautiful cursive script has an inherent artfulness to it.

Why is Latin alphabet so popular? ›

The spread of Western Christianity during the early Middle Ages strongly contributed to spreading the Latin script across Europe, especially in areas beyond the old Roman limes that barely had any written culture up to that point, such as Scandinavia and East Central Europe.

What is the most information dense written language? ›

That said, Chinese is most information dense per written character, and per faded ankle tattoo. Interestingly, the languages that conveyed the least amount of information per syllable, like Spanish, Japanese, and French, tended to be spoken at a faster rate.

Which language is known as queen of world scripts? ›

Amazingly, Kannada has the highest number of Janapeeta literary awards compared to any other Indian language. One of the greatest scholar, thinker, and writer, Shri Vinoba Bhave called the “Kannada” script to be the “Queen of World Scripts” that is “Vishwa Lipigala Raani” 'ವಿಶ್ವ ಲಿಪಿಗಳ ರಾಣಿ'.

What is the most complex alphabet? ›

Discover the 8 most difficult languages to learn
  1. Hindi. Script: Devanagari. ...
  2. Hungarian. Script: Latin alphabet with added accents. ...
  3. Navajo. Script: Latin alphabet, plus added letters and accents to represent unique sounds. ...
  4. Vietnamese. Script: Latin alphabet with a twist. ...
  5. Korean. ...
  6. Arabic. ...
  7. 7. Japanese. ...
  8. Mandarin Chinese.
Feb 20, 2022

Which language is richest? ›

The Top 10 Business Languages of the World in 2018 by GDP (IMF)
RankLanguageGDP($US Billions)
1English28.088
2Chinese26.56
3Spanish8.17
4Arabic7.1
6 more rows
Nov 29, 2018

What is the most unique language? ›

Pirahã: The Most Unique Language in the World
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  • Pirahã lacks basic sentence structure, undermining the long-held belief that sentence structure is something that all languages have in common. ...
  • Tonality isn't the only thing that makes Pirahã so unique.

What is the most famous language? ›

Which Languages Have the Most Speakers?
RankLanguageTotal Speakers
1English1,132 million
2Mandarin Chinese1,117 million
3Hindi615 million
4Spanish534 million
6 more rows
Feb 15, 2020

Is Latin a dead language? ›

Similar to Sanskrit or Ancient Greek, Latin does not have native speakers, which qualifies it as a “Dead Language”. However, Latin had such an overwhelming prevalence in European and Western science, medicine, and literature, it may never be classified as an “Extinct Language”.

Which countries speak Latin today? ›

Top 10 Latin Speaking Countries in the World [Update 2022]
  • Mexico. Mexico is the most populous Latin-speaking country in the world. ...
  • Colombia. Colombia is indeed the second-largest Latin-speaking nation, with Latin spoken by 99 percent of the total population. ...
  • Spain. ...
  • Argentina. ...
  • Equatorial Guinea. ...
  • United States. ...
  • Brazil. ...
  • Morocco.
Sep 28, 2021

Is the letter J in the Latin alphabet? ›

J, or j, is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Its usual name in English is jay (pronounced /ˈdʒeɪ/), with a now-uncommon variant jy /ˈdʒaɪ/.
...
J
Writing systemLatin script
TypeAlphabetic
Language of originLatin language
16 more rows

What is the fastest language? ›

1. Japanese:

Japanese is the fastest recorded language. It has a rate of 7.84 syllables per second.

Originated in the 15th century, hangeul was created by a great king to help the common people become literate.. Not so in the case of Hangeul (the Korean writing system), which is the only writing system in the world for which the name of its creator and date of founding are known.. Hangeul was founded in 1443 A.D. (25th year of King Sejong) by King Sejong the Great (the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty) and the scholars of Jiphyeonjeon.. The title of the book that explains the principles of Hangeul, Hunmin Jeongeum, which literally means "correct sounds for the instruction of the people," was also Hangeul's original name.. . King Sejong the Great explained in the foreword of Hunmin Jeongeum his purpose for inventing Hangeul as follows: "Because the language of our nation is different from China, there are many among our ignorant people who are unable to express what they wish to say.. Because there was no Korean writing system at the time, Koreans used the Chinese writing system.. Other letters are made by adding an extra stroke or stacking onto these basic five letters as follows: ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ.. However, all letters of Hangeul are designed in such a way that similarly pronounced letters also look similar, as in ㄴ, ㄷ, ㅌ and ㄸ (for ㄹ: semi-lingual sound).. Accordingly, "•" is based on the round shape of the sky, "ㅡ" the flatness of Earth, and "ㅣ" the shape of a person standing.. Vos also explains that October 9 is a national holiday in Korea because it was on that day that King Sejong officially promulgated Hangeul.. * Photos courtesy of Korea Tourism Organization and Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea.

After learning Hangul, you will be able to read anything written in Korean!. With its simple visualization and the organized syllables, Korean Hangul is a scientific writing system that is easy and efficient to read and write with, which secured Korean language as one of the most popular languages to learn in the world today.. Remember the sounds of the four sticks in Group one?. Vowels in this group are all made up of two vowels introduced in Step 1.. When there is a consonant, it is pronounced as /i/.. The rule on the character level is the same as in reading: from left to right, from top to bottom.. Third, keep reading and learning new words.

Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. A free educational site that provides a convenient interface for learning the korean alphabet hangul: Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Korean Animal Words Single Syllables | Korean language from i.pinimg.com The creation of a new korean alphabet.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. A free educational site that provides a convenient interface for learning the korean alphabet hangul: The creation of a new korean alphabet.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Fresh Korean Alphabet Chart | Korean alphabet, Learn from i.pinimg.com It is unique from other writing systems .. A free educational site that provides a convenient interface for learning the korean alphabet hangul: The korean alphabet is made up of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel characters for a total of 40 main letters.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.. Source: i.pinimg.comA free educational site that provides a convenient interface for learning the korean alphabet hangul: Das koreanische alphabet (한글 han'gŭl, hangŭl, hangul, oder hangeul bzw.. Korean alphabet letters, hangul alphabet, learn korean alphabet, korean words.

One of the first things I learned—by which I mean literally the first thing I learned—was that Hangul is an alphabet, made up of letters “ jamo ,” consisting of vowels “ jaeum ” and consonants “ moeum .” Unfortunately, after hearing this fairly simple introduction I came across a number of inconsistencies among the different resources I was using to study, which was kind of confusing.. What is different about letters in the Korean alphabet compared with the English alphabet, as an example, is that letters in Hangul are not written linearly in sequence but are grouped together to form characters using the concept of “syllable blocks,” which I will touch on later.. Basically, what I found was that the majority of explanations choose to introduce the Korean alphabet as having 10 vowels and 14 consonants while a few will say that there are 19 consonants and 21 vowels.. Both could be argued; however, I personally prefer the explanation of Hangul as have 19 consonants and 21 vowels, making for a total of 40 letters in the Korean alphabet.. ㄱㄴㄷㄹㅁㅂㅅㅇㅈㅊㅋㅌㅍㅎg/kn/nd/tr/lmb/ps/t(silent)/ngj/tch/tktph/tFor 5 of these letters when you double up the same consonant (i.e. write it twice, but smaller as to denote a single letter), you get an additional 5 consonants and end up with a total of 19 consonants in Hangul. ㄱ: ㅋ ㄲㅅ: ㅈ ㅆ ㅊ ㅉㄴ: ㄷ ㅌ ㄸ ㄹㅁ: ㅂ ㅍ ㅃㅇ: ㅎWhile I found it pretty interesting to see that the consonants could all be derived from 5 consonants, for some reason, besides the whole different total number of consonants thing in Korean compared to English, the organization of the consonants itself didn’t really give me many problems.. Let’s look at the first letter of the Korean alphabet ㄱ or “ giyeok .” In the initial position it will be pronounced more like a “g” in English than “k.” While when it comes at the end of a syllable it will be pronounced more like a “k” than a “g.” Well, if you take another look at the name of this letter when Romanized, “ giyeok ,” it starts with a “g” and ends with a “k.” This trick holds true for all of the single consonants.. As you can see, the South Korean order mixes the single and double consonants, while the North Korean order keeps them separate and lists the double consonants after all the single consonants.. Vowels with long, vertical strokes go to the right of the consonant (initial) Vowels with long, horizontal strokes go underneath the consonant (initial). As the horizontal vowel is positioned underneath the consonant and the long vertical vowel is positioned to the right of the consonant.. This way of teaching might make sense for Korean children, who don’t need to learn how to speak the language but just how to read and write—in other words, I’d argue, that for native speakers of Korean the ordering of the alphabet is not really that important—but for teenagers or adults who speak another language, like English, and are learning Korean, this isn’t the best way to go about teaching it in my opinion.

Any linguist would agree that the Korean alphabet, Hangul (the “Great Script”), is one of the most scientific writings.. What makes the Korean alphabet “scientific” is that its letters correspond to the places where the mouth is articulation.. “나랏말싸미 듕귁에 달아 문자와로 서르 사맛디 아니할쎄이런 젼차로 어린 백셩이 니르고져 홀 배 이셔도 마참내 제 뜨들 시러펴디 몯 할 노미 하니라내 이랄 위하야 어엿비 너겨 새로 스믈 여듧 짜랄 맹가노니사람마다 해여 수비 니겨 날로 쑤메 뼌한킈 하고져 할따라미니라 ” – 세종대왕“Since the Korean language is different from the Chinese language, the Chinese characters don’t render it well enough.. In 1443, King Sejong the Great ordered that an alphabet be created for the Korean language”The Appropriate Sounds for the Education of the People”.. In 1443, King Sejong the Great ordered that an alphabet be created for the Korean language, as the Koreans had hitherto used Chinese characters for writing.. At the beginning of the 14th century, the Mongol emperors were led to change their own script in favour of the Galik alphabet, a compromise between the Tibetan script of the Indian type and the Uigur script of the Aramaic type.. “Since the Korean language is different from the Chinese language, the Chinese characters don’t render it well enough.. To do this, it was slightly modified by creating signs to transcribe sounds that do not exist in the Chinese language such as ‘b’, ‘g’ or ‘d’ by adding an accent to the signs of the corresponding deaf people, ‘p’, ‘k’ and ‘t’.. Indeed, the Korean language is one of the most difficult to learn in the world, especially for speakers of European European languages.. That said, the Korean visitor should not miss the opportunity to learn the Korean alphabet, even if he or she has no intentions of mastering the language, a task that would take years if not a lifetime.Even for those whose stay will be brief and have no intention of learning Korean beyond basic greetings and menu items, learning the Korean alphabet is a profitable venture.. Whether your stay in Korea lasts a few months, a few years or a lifetime, learning Hangul will be a valuable way to spend an afternoon.For those who are unfamiliar with the script, seeing it in its modern fonts on neon signs might remind someone of the indecipherable lines and circles seen on the sides of spaceships in science fiction movies.. However, as “foreign” as it may seem, it is remarkably easy to learn and carries with it valuable philosophical and scientific principles that will enrich anyone who makes the effort to learn it.Hangul Day, celebrated on Friday, 9 October last, was celebrated as a national holiday until 1991 and is now celebrated as a national day of commemoration, which signifies that we still have to work and go to school.. If ever an alphabet deserved a day off, it is the Hangul, at least to give foreign visitors time to learn it.. Except as permitted by the copyright law applicable to you, you may not reproduce or communicate any of the content on this website, including files downloadable from this website, without the permission of the copyright owner.. The owners of copyright in the content on this website may receive compensation for the use of their content by educational institutions and governments, including from licensing schemes managed by Copyright Agency.

The Korean Hangul alphabet, which today has become a visual ambassador for Korean culture, was created in 1443 by King Sejong the Great (1397-1450).. The Hangul alphabet is neither based on ancient written languages nor an imitation of another set of characters, but an alphabet unique to Korea.. Hangul is neither based on ancient written languages nor an imitation of another set of characters, but an alphabet unique to Korea.. (Image: pixabay / CC0 1.0)In his book Writing Systems: A Linguistic Introduction , British linguist Geoffrey Sampson devoted a special chapter to the Hangul alphabet.. For most of Korea’s history, Koreans wrote using ancient Chinese characters (“Hanja” in Korean).. For most of Korea’s history, Koreans wrote using ancient Chinese characters (‘Hanja’ in Korean).. Nevertheless, Sejong was very concerned about the education of his people.. Not only did he often write about the importance of literacy, but he also urged those who had been educated to do their best to educate others, and encouraged women to learn how to read.. Founded on philosophical as well as scientific principles, the Hangul alphabet embodies certain elements of Confucian outlook.. Most of the writing systems in the world today began as hieroglyphics (pictographs), eventually developing into ideographs, then syllabic characters, and finally phonemic alphabets.. (Image: pixabay / CC0 1.0)The ancient Egyptian and Chinese characters were pictographs.. The Hangul alphabet is commonly classed as a phonemic alphabet like the Roman and Cyrillic alphabets, but this is not strictly correct.. In other words, the Korean consonant has not only its own phoneme, but also its own “phoneme feature.”. And Ignace Gelb, an American linguist, remarked in his book A Study of Writing that it took 1400 years for hieroglyphics to become syllabic characters and another 800 years for the syllabic characters to become alphabetic.. The Korean alphabet bypassed 2,200 years of development to reach the stage of the “featural” alphabet, one step beyond the phonemic alphabet.

See more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. Korean alphabet is called "hangul".. See more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. There are 24 basic alphabets in korean language, once mastered that, learning korean becomes extremely .. See more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. There are 24 basic alphabets in korean language, once mastered that, learning korean becomes extremely .. There are 24 basic alphabets in korean language, once mastered that, learning korean becomes extremely .. See more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. Alphabet Letters In Korean - Hangul is one of the world's most efficient writing systems. . Hangul is one of the world's most efficient writing systems.. See more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. Source: www.alchemywebsite.comThere are 24 basic alphabets in korean language, once mastered that, learning korean becomes extremely .. Source: i.pinimg.comSee more ideas about korean alphabet, learn hangul, learn korea.. There are 24 basic alphabets in korean language, once mastered that, learning korean becomes extremely .

*a featural writing system is one in which the shapes of the characters mimic their articulator’s shape and phonetic features when pronouncing them.. Usually, we don’t discuss history when it comes to writing systems, but the history of Hangul is absolutely fascinating and you’ll surely want to find out more.. The new writing system was designed so that people with little to no education could easily learn how to read and write.. In our context, this means that there is no perfect way to represent the Korean characters using Latin/English letters or sounds.. Additionally, under each consonant, you’ll find its corresponding sound at the beginning and at the end of the syllable.. Take “ㅇ” for example which is silent when it is at the beginning of the syllable and it is used as a placeholder when the syllable starts with a vowel.. So here’s how to pronounce the Korean vowels:. Rather, first are consonants and then come vowels.. If you don’t know how to pronounce a word, you could spell it using these names.. Vowel/Name of the vowelRomanized spellingㅏaㅐaeㅑyaㅒyaeㅓeoㅔeㅕyeoㅖyeㅗoㅘwaㅙwaeㅚoeㅛyoㅜuㅝwoㅞweㅟwiㅠyuㅡeuㅢuiㅣiBecause the vowels’ names are actually the sounds they make, this bit will be easier to remember.

News articles bragging about the efficacy of the Korean script ( hangul ) are hardly rare in the Korean media, particularly since the official Hangul Day has just passed.. However, after further investigation, the Committee of the World Alphabet Olympics and the World Alphabet Academy (the key figures in both organisations are Korean) seems not to be as ‘fair and just’ as they would like Koreans to believe so.. Now it is the mission of the Korean Christian community to make Hangul an international writing system.. We’ve got to protect and develop it to the point it becomes ‘international writing system’ ke There were no Koreans among the jurors, yet hangul won the first prize.. Today’s international language, the English writing system, won the third.. ‘World Orthography Olympics’. ↓. ???. A Gold medal — for the least used script and the script people want to use least in the world!

Videos

1. The Easiest Alphabet?
(Nas Daily)
2. Learn Hangul in 20 Minutes 한글 Korean Alphabet How to read and write Korean
(Korean Lesson 101)
3. [YOU&KOREA] Hangul,the world's most scientific writing system and Hangul Day (October 9)
(YOU & KOREA)
4. Language Comparison: Number of Different Words
(Reigarw Comparisons)
5. Korean Smart Power
(The Korea Society)
6. Koreans actually agree on something. 🇰🇷🤝🇰🇵
(Counter Charts)

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